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Video captionFive takeaways from Donald Trump's Oval Office address

US President Donald Trump has announced sweeping travel restrictions on 26 European countries in a bid to combat the spread of the coronavirus.

The measures apply to travellers from countries which are members of the Schengen border-free travel area.

The UK, Ireland and other non-Schengen countries are unaffected. Exemptions are also being made for US citizens.

In an address to the nation President Trump said the "strong but necessary" actions would help protect Americans.

The new rules go into effect on Friday at midnight EDT and mark a major escalation from the US president, who has been accused of inaction over coronavirus.

There are 1,135 confirmed cases of the virus across the US, with 38 deaths so far.

In other developments:
Chinese health authorities have said that the peak of the outbreak in China is over. The virus first emerged in the city of Wuhan
The worst-hit country outside of China, Italy, imposed further restrictions , closing nearly all shops, bars, hairdressers, restaurants and cafes until 25 March
The World Health Organization (WHO) said the outbreak was a pandemic. This is defined as a disease that is spreading in multiple countries around the world at the same time. 

In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel, warned that up to 70% of the country's population - some 58 million people - could contract the coronavirus
India suspended most visas for foreigners until 15 April
tThe UK is expected to switch to tactics aimed at delaying the spread of the virus rather than containing it
Greece reported its coronavirus death, a 66-year-old returning from a pilgrimage in the Middle East
What else did the US president say?

"This is the most aggressive and comprehensive effort to confront a foreign virus in modern history," he said.

Justifying the travel restrictions, he accused the EU of failing to take "the same precautions" as the US in fighting the virus.

His speech said all travel from Europe would be suspended but a presidential proclamation later said it would only apply to anyone who had been in the EU's Schengen border-free area in the 14 days before their arrival in the US.

Mr Trump also said the suspension would also apply to cargo coming from Europe into the US. He later tweeted to say that trade would "in no way be affected".Video captionCoronavirus outbreak has officially become pandemic says WHO

The speech included plans to provide billions of dollars in loans to small businesses and the president urged Congress to free up more funds.

President Trump said for most Americans the risk was "very, very low" adding "no nation is more prepared or more resilient than the United States".

Reacting to his speech, senior Democrats said it was "alarming" that President Trump did not address a shortage of coronavirus testing kits in the US.

"We have a public health crisis in this country and the best way to help keep the American people safe and ensure their economic security is for the president to focus on fighting the spread of the coronavirus itself," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said in a statement.

On the travel ban, Lawrence Gostin, a public health expert at Georgetown University, tweeted: "most of Europe is as safe as US. This will have no impact on US ... germs don't respect borders".

The EU said it was assessing the situation, with European Council President Charles Michel saying "economic disruption must be avoided".
How badly has the US been hit?

Concern over the outbreak rose after a number of new cases were confirmed earlier this month.

Containment efforts have begun in earnest. Troops have been deployed to New Rochelle, just north of New York City, where one outbreak is believed to have originated.

The National Guard will deliver food to some individuals who have been told to self-isolate there.

The governor of Washington state has also banned large gatherings in several counties. The north-western state is the focal point of the outbreak in the US, accounting for 24 of at least 38 deaths across the country.
Could the US do what Italy has done?
Who Trump supporters blame for virus 'hysteria'
How worried should the US be over coronavirus?
What's the risk on public transport?

In an unprecedented move, the National Basketball Association (NBA) announced that it would suspend the season after Wednesday night's games. The decision came after one player for the Utah Jazz tested positive for the virus.

Shortly after the NBA announcement, the Oscar-winning actor Tom Hanks announced that he and his wife, the actress and singer Rita Wilson, had contracted the virus in Australia .

Dr Anthony Fauci, director the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told Congress that the outbreak is "going to get worse", and that depended on the ability to contain those infected.

High medical costs make the virus particularly problematic - many Americans avoid visiting their doctor because of unaffordable charges. A lack of paid sick leave is another concern, as are fears about the number of available tests.

But Vice-President Mike Pence, who is in charge of the task force co-ordinating the response to the crisis, has said that "any American can be tested, no restrictions, subject to doctor's orders", and that insurers had promised to offset the charges

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