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With less than 9 months for Ghanaians to go to the polls to decide who leads the country as President for the next 4 years, there are some interesting facts you need to know about the political parties in Ghana.

Ghana has a multi-party system, however, there are two dominant political parties in Ghana (NDC and NPP), with extreme difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success on the ticket of any other party.

The country has been governed by only two political parties, NPP and NDC in a political musical chair that has lasted 27 years and counting.

Ghana is considered the beacon of democracy in Africa with peaceful turnovers of power and no experience of widespread electoral violence.

Our checks on the Electoral Commission website has revealed that, there are 26 registered political parties in Ghana under the Fourth Republic.

These are the Convention People’s Party (CPP), People’s National Convention (PNC), Democratic People’s Party (DPP), National Democratic Party (NDP), EGLE party, Great Consolidated Popular Party (GCPP), United Movement Ghana (UMG), Ghana Democratic-Republican Party (GDRP), Democratic Freedom Party (DFP), Reformed Patriotic Democrats (RPD).

Others are National Reform Party (NRP), United Renaissance Party (URP), New Vision Party (NVP), United Love Party (ULP), United Development System Party (UDSP), Independent People’s Party (IPP), Progressive People’s Party (PPP), Ghana Freedom Party (GFP), Yes People’s Party (YPP), United Front Party (URP), United People’s Party (UPP), Transformation Party, Popular Change Party (PCP) and All People’s Congress (APC), Ghana Union Movement (GUM), and Power Unity Party (PUP).

The Constitution stipulates that all political parties in Ghana must have at least offices in two-thirds in all 216 districts in the country.

Also, political parties in Ghana are required to have a functional office per Article 55 and 56 of the 1992 Constitution and the Political Parties Law, Act 574, which provide the main legal framework for the formation and operation of parties in the country.

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