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GENITAL WARTS CAUSED BY HUMAN PIPPILOMA VIRUS (HPV) AND TREATMENT



A genital wart is a contagious, projecting fleshy growth on the external genitals or anus, consisting of fibrous overgrowths covered by a thickened epithelium (outer layer).

Genital warts are due to sexual contact with a person infected with human papillomavirus (HPV); they are usually benign (non-cancerous), but many subtypes have the potential for malignant (cancerous) change.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS :

Genital warts are transmitted through sexual activity. You may not begin to develop warts for several weeks after infection.

The warts are not always visible to the human eye. They may be very small and the color of the skin or slightly darker. The top of the growths may resemble a cauliflower and may feel smooth or slightly bumpy to the touch. An infected person may have a cluster of warts, or just one wart.

Genital warts on males may appear on the following areas:

penis

scrotum

groin

thighs

inside or around the anus

Genital warts in females may appear on the following area:

inside of the vagina or anus

outside of the vagina or anus

cervix

Genital warts may also appear on the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat of a person who has had oral sexual contact with an infected person.

Even if you cannot see genital warts, they may still cause symptoms, such as:

vaginal discharge

itching

bleeding

burning

If genital warts spread or become enlarged, the condition can be uncomfortable or even painful.

CAUSE :

Most cases of genital warts are caused by HPV. And there are more than 70 types of HPV that specifically affect the genitals. The HPV virus is highly transmittable through skin-to-skin contact, which is why it is considered a STI.

In fact, HPV is so common that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that most sexually active people get it at some point — the key difference is whether the virus leads to complications like genital warts.

Genital warts are caused by different strains of HPV.

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